【Title】 内蒙古呼伦贝尔地质公园地质遗迹资源特征与评价(Characteristics of Geoheritage and Evaluation in HulunBuirGeopark, Inner Mongolia, China);

【Author in Chinese】 周旭

【Supervisor】 田明中

【Author's Information】 中国地质大学(北京), 地理学, 2014, 硕士

【Abstract in Chinese】 地质遗迹是生态环境的组成部分,也是不可再生自然遗产的重要组成部分,记录着地质环境演化、海陆变迁、生物进化等地球演化历程,具有重要的观赏价值及科研价值。地质公园以地质遗迹景观为核心,是展示地球科学知识的天然博物馆,是保护地质遗迹资源的有效方式。

本文对内蒙古呼伦贝尔地质公园进行了实地调研和相关资料收集查阅,对其地质遗迹资源进行描述、分类和评价,并结合地质公园保护现状和存在问题,提出了保护和开发建议,以期促进对该类研究的进一步认识。内蒙古呼伦贝尔地质公园地质遗迹类型多样,以湖泊、河流、湿地及花岗岩地貌为主要特征,是一处集科学研究、科普教育、生态旅游、休闲度假为一体的地质公园,展示着大自然博大精深的魅力。

本文依据内蒙古呼伦贝尔地质公园内地质遗迹的特点,参照国土资源部《地质遗迹类型划分表》,将其划分为地质构造、地貌景观和水体景观3大类,其下分出构造形迹、岩石地貌景观、流水地貌景观、泉水景观、湖沼景观、河流景观6类,中小型构造、花岗岩地貌景观、流水侵蚀地貌、流水堆积地貌、冷泉景观、湖泊景观、沼泽湿地景观、风景河段8亚类,并对地质遗迹的分布和特征以及部分重要地质遗迹的形成过程进行介绍和分析。

国内外关于旅游资源和地质遗迹资源的评价方法较多,尤其地质遗迹的评价是一个多层次的复杂工作,尚无统一的评价体系,且定量评价方法中一般没有确切的定量指标。针对呼伦贝尔地质公园地质遗迹资源,本文通过采用灰色系统分析(灰色统计、灰色聚类)的方法进行综合评价,以少量的计算工作,更好地反映专家组的整体意见。呼伦贝尔地质公园地质遗迹的保护和开发存在一些问题,保护设施的不完善,科研力度不够,地质灾害影响大,人为破坏严重等。针对突出问题,依据可持续发展理论,提出了指导措施及建议,以期更好地保护地质遗迹资源,实现呼伦贝尔地质公园的可持续发展。

【Abstract】 Geoheritageis animportant part of the entironment,and it is also animportant part ofthe non-renewable natural heritage.Geoheritagewhich hasimportant scientific value and ornamental valuerecorded the process aboutthe evolution ofthe geo-environment, the changes in land and sea,thebiological evolution and so on. Specialized ingeoheritage,geopark is thenatural museum to demonstrate the scientific knowledge and the effectiveway to protect geoheritage. On the base of the collection of previousinformation and the author’s investigation,this paper conducted field researchand related data,thegeoheritageweredescribed,classified and evaluated.Inorder to promote a better understanding of this type of research,combinedwith the conservation status and problems of the geopark,the paper maderecommendations on protection and development.The various types ofgeoheritage quantity of HulunbuirGeopark is rich.Ordering lakes, rivers,wetlands and granite landforms as the main feature,thegeopark is acombination of scientific research,science education andeco-tourism andleisure.Based on the characteristics ofgeoheritageofHulunbuirGeopark,referring to"Geoheritage Type Table" published byMinistry of Land and Resources,the paper divided it into three categoriesincluding geological structure, landscapes and water landscape,six classesincluding structural features, rocky landscape, water landscape, springlandscape, lake view, river view,eightsubclassesincluding small and mediumconstruction, granite landscape, water erosion landform, water accumulationlandform, Cold Spring landscape, lake landscape, wetland landscape, scenicriver.Italso introduced and analyzed the distribution and characteristics ofgeoheritage and the formation of some important geoheritage.There are many evaluation methods about tourism resources andgeoheritage resources at home and abroad.Evaluation of geoheritage is a multi-level complex task, there is no uniform evaluation system.And there isno exact quantitative indicators in the quantitative assessment.For thegeoheritageof HulunbuirGeopark,this paper determined the index weight withthe method of Analytic Hierarchy Process and Delphi,and the comprehensiveevaluation was conducted by Grey System Theory,which can better reflectthe overall opinion of the Expert Group by a small amount of calculations.There are some problems on protection and development ofHulunbuirGeopark like inadequate protection facilities, inadequate research,geological disaster impact, serious vandalism.In order to better protectgeolheritage and achieve the sustainable development of HulunbuirGeopark,based on the theory of sustainable development,the paper put forwarded theguiding measures and recommendations. 

【Keywords in Chinese】 地质遗迹地质公园评价
【Key words】 GeoparkGeoheritageEvaluation; 
【Contributor】 中国地质大学(北京)
【Year of Internet Publish】201410
 

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